On March 11, 2020, The World Health Organization (WHO) officially declared the outbreak of COVID-19 a pandemic, after the disease caused by the new coronavirus spread to more than 100 countries and led to over 100,000 cases within a few months. The disease was first identified in Wuhan, China in December 2019 and is thought to have originated from a zoonotic transmission from animal to human. The earliest cases were traced to Wuhan’s “wet markets” where people come into contact with wild animals.
By April 22, 2020, there were 2.5 million confirmed cases with 175,000 deaths worldwide. In an effort to contain the spread of the virus, countries issued orders for residents to stay at home, businesses to close, and for all people to observe “social distancing.” These measures were a blow to the global economy, spurring high unemployment, a halt in some manufacturing, transportation, and trade. The economic and health consequences of COVID-19 also widened inequalities within and across countries, with financial losses and severe cases disproportionately affecting underserved and poorer populations.
The COVID-19 pandemic continued into 2022, with multiple new variants of differing levels of severity and contagiousness emerging over two years. Most lockdown and distancing measures were lifted throughout 2021 and 2022 once vaccines were widely distributed, but people continued to be infected in large numbers. By October 2022, there had been over 600 million confirmed cases and 6.5 million deaths worldwide.
World Population : 170,060,000
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