A City of One Million
Over two-thirds of people in pre-industrial Britain resided in rural villages. Yet the Industrial Revolution, with the mechanization of the textile industry and the increasing use of steam power meant that factories were built strategically in cities, particularly those with access to a port for easy distribution of goods. The centralization of industry in cities led to mass migration to urban centers, and London became the first city since Rome (in 5 BCE) to reach a population of 1 million.
World Population : 170,060,000
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